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Types of Milling Machine - Blog View - Pediateach

Types of Milling Machine

  • In order to perform the milling operations, the CNC milling machine employs a revolving cylindrical tool (milling cutter) held in a spindle to obtain a wide variety of shapes, slots, holes, and other required impressions. CNC mills have the ability to cut at various angles and travel along multiple axes as a traditional computer numerical control machine, enabling a range of features and designs for CNC milling parts. In some directions, the workpiece on the CNC mill may be moved via the instrument. There are many types of CNC milling machines to choose from.

    Vertical Milling Machine
    The vertical orientation of its cutting tool is the concept of a vertical milling machine. A vertical spindle that can be raised or lower is mounted on the cutting instrument. It will press into the underlying workpiece when lowered, enabling it to extract material. The cutting instrument will pull away from the workpiece when it is lifted. Vertical milling machines essentially have a cutting instrument which is vertically focused.

    Horizontal Milling Machine
    On the other hand, a horizontal milling machine is a type of milling machine that has a cutting instrument that is horizontally oriented. By exposing a workpiece to a rotating cutting instrument, they act like all other milling machines, including vertical milling machines. Although vertical milling machines have a cutting tool that is vertically oriented, horizontal milling machines have a cutting tool that is horizontally oriented. When pressing into the underlying workpiece, the cutting instrument travels horizontally around a spindle.

    Bed Milling Machine
    The bed is a third kind of milling machine. Bed milling machines are distinguished by a pendant being used. They do have a spindle that carries the cutting instrument, but it is fixed to a pendant by the spindle. It is necessary to lift or lower the pendant so that the cutting instrument can hit the workpiece. Bed milling machines, with the main difference being that they have a pendant, are basically a type of vertical milling machines.

    Floor Milling Machine
    The use of table rows is what characterizes floor milling machines. They have a horizontally oriented spindle that travels alongside the rows of the table around a series of tracks. Over the years, floor milling machines have been increasingly replaced with milling machines for Computer Numerical Control (CNC). Some small companies and hobbyists, however, continue to use them. 

    Box Milling Machine
    A box milling machine is also known simply as a box mill and is a plain, low-end machine capable of carrying out basic milling processes. They are referred to as "box milling machines" because they have a box-way cutting tool. In order to extract material from the underlying workpiece, the box method will travel up and down.